The Supreme Court of India declared privacy a "guaranteed fundamental right" of citizens Thursday.
The landmark ruling, a unanimous 9-0 decision, overturns two previous Supreme Court opinions undermining Indian privacy rights, while its comprehensive language carries far-reaching implications for areas such as LGBT rights.
The ruling was high-stakes for the personal liberties of Indian citizens under their constitution. Citing previous precedents, the government argued against citizens' right to privacy and bodily autonomy, saying it was the state's prerogative to collect biometric data, explains Tyler Koteskey.
The Court's reasoning was firmly libertarian, invoking "life and personal liberty" as "inalienable rights" fundamentally "inseparable from a dignified human existence." The Court broadly defended privacy among "family, marriage procreation, and sexual orientation" as "important aspects of dignity."